Professor Simon Gandevia, Neuroscience Research Australia, Sydney, NSW
Simon Gandevia (MD PhD DSc FAA FRACP) trained initially with Ian McCloskey at the University of New South Wales and subsequently with David Burke at Prince Henry Hospital. He has broad research interests in human movement control and he has used a wide range of techniques to examine fundamental aspects of pathophysiology in human neuroscience and clinical medicine. His work often sits at the interface between medicine and basic human neurophysiology.
Professor Gandevia is one of the four Founding Scientists of the Prince of Wales Medical Research Institute (in 1992), which was later renamed NeuRA. He was also a founder of the 3T Clinical Research Imaging Centre and is a Clinical Neurophysiologist at the Prince of Wales Hospital. He has served on many editorial boards, including the Journal of Physiology (1993-2000; 2011-) and is currently a Senior Editor. He is currently Associate Editor for the Journal of Applied Physiology (since 2005). His clinical work includes patients with neuromuscular disorders and those with spinal cord injury.
His work is focussed on understanding the mechanisms that permit our repertoire of movement and the derangements which impair and limit movement: this repertoire ranges from the tiniest contraction of a hand muscle to the large inspiratory contractions required to sustain life. He has studied many patient groups including stroke, spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, asthma and obstructive sleep apnoea. His research is in three strands: (i) Proprioception – sensory inputs, motor commands and the body representation; (ii) Motor control and fatigue – from the motor cortex to the spinal cord and then the muscles; and (iii) Respiration – sensory and motor control of human breathing muscles in health and disease. He has published more than a hundred papers in the Journal of Physiology and two Physiological Reviews, one on supraspinal muscle fatigue and the other on proprioception.
From 2014 he will undertake an NHMRC program grant on Motor Impairment: basic and applied human neurophysiology with three colleagues at NeuRA.